CBD sellers regularly see patients come to their counter to see if CBD oil can offer them relief from different pain conditions. Much of the said health benefits of cannabidiol is hearsay. People suffering from pain hear from someone (who is a friend or a family member) that CBD oil is good for pain relief, and they want to try it out.
The FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) has approved only one CBD drug. It’s called ‘Epidiolex‘ and is used to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy. Science backs up the fact that cannabidiol can prevent seizures in epileptic children. When it comes to pain relief, pre-clinical research and small clinical trials indicate positive effects of CBD on pain. But larger studies are needed to confirm these findings. This article talks about how and why CBD oil is said to be good for relieving pain.
CBD comes from cannabis. But it is not weed. Marijuana (or weed) has an active component called ‘tetrahydrocannabinol’ (THC). It is psychoactive and can lead to addiction. Cannabidiol (or CBD) is non-psychoactive. WHO agrees that:
Humans can tolerate CBD in high doses, and
It does not have abuse potential.
CBD oil sold legally in pharmacies throughout the US are usually hemp extracts and do not contain more than 0.3% THC. Some states with medical marijuana laws may sell CBD oils with higher THC levels. But you may only buy them if a licensed doctor prescribes them to you for pain management or other acceptable medical conditions.
The challenge is that hemp-derived products are unregulated. Hence, their formulations, CBD concentrations, and THC levels are unreliable. CBD oil brands do not belong to state-sanctioned programs and lack standardized regulations. So, there are high chances that even the recommended CBD doses may skew drug test results against the employee’s favor.
Some people wonder if CBD oil can cause them to fail drug tests set by their employers. A typical urine drug test screens only for the THC. Under the guidelines of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), a drug test is deemed positive if it contains more than:
50 ng/ml or more of THC concentration in the urine for the first time, and
15 ng/ml or more of THC concentration in the confirmatory test.
Since CBD hemp oils may contain traces of THC, people taking a high CBD dose (more than 1,000 mg of CBD in a day) may trigger a positive drug test result.
The FDA has warned time and again that many CBD oil products have more (or less) CBD than they } bought online. They found that:
L25% samples contained less CBD than mentioned on their labels,
43% of CBD products contain more CBD advertised on their labels, and
21% of CBD products contained enough THC to intoxicate children.
Hence, one has to be extra careful while buying CBD oil for pain management online.
How Do You Experience Pain?
Pain is a built-in warning system in the body which shows that something is not right with the body. It the body’s way to communicate to the brain about an injury or an illness attacking it. Nociceptor sensory nerves transmit the message to the brain to trigger the pain sensation in the body. These messages interact with the:
sensory cortex, and
the emotional center of the limbic system
on the way.
The brain is expected to find the root cause of the pain and find ways to relieve it.
The body feels mild to severe pain depending on what triggers it. It can be:
The pain sensations may be described as:
tingling in the body,
burning sensation, or
a feeling of getting pricked.
Sometimes, pain is localized in an area, such as:
joint pain, and
At other times, one may pain feel throughout the body (such as in the cases of fibromyalgia). The pain tolerance level of different people also differs.
Two types of pain for which people seek treatment most often are:
Acute Pain: It is a severe kind of pain that one may experience for short-term due to:
Acute pain may last for a few hours or may stretch to days or weeks at a time. If left untreated, it may turn into chronic pain.
Chronic Pain: This is a more persistent kind of month. It may last for months or even years. It may start due to an illness or an injury and linger on even after a person gets better.
Most often, chronic pains are related to:
chronic health conditions,
wear and tear of joints or muscles due to overuse of the area, and
Some types of chronic pain have unknown causes. Chronic pain treatment can be difficult. It takes longer to achieve relief in chronic pain conditions.
Pain signals may get triggered due to:
accidents or injuries,
damage in a body’s part due to illness, and even
even emotional trauma.
Normally, when a foreign substance or germ enters the body, the body induces an inflammatory response to combats it. It prevents infection in the body. But when the inflammatory substances released by the body linger for too long, they can cause chronic inflammation. At the same time, nerves communicate ‘pain signals’ to the brain and the subsequent body part. The purpose of the pain is to get the body part to slow down and let the body ‘recover’ and ‘heal’ more quickly. Thus, often, pain and inflammation occur and exist in the body simultaneously.
Pain may also be classified into three types according to its root cause:
Nociceptive Pain: It is related to damage of tissues. The severity of pain may change with:
of a body part.
Rheumatoid arthritis, tumors, and bee stings are some of the most common types of nociceptive pain.
Neuropathic Pain: It is related to damage of nerves due to an injury or illness. Nerved don’t heal easily. This kind of pain may cause a sensation of burning, electric shock, or feeling of being stabbed.
Sciatica, multiple sclerosis (MS), chemotherapy, and alcoholism may cause this type of pain.
Other forms of Pain: Sometimes the neurological system is not damaged but dysfunctions for some reason. These kinds of pain are not often understood well.
Fibromyalgia, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and chronic primary headaches and lower-back pains often fall under this category.
What’s Wrong With Conventional Pain Medications (Such As NSAIDs And Opioids)?
Over-the-counter painkillers (such as NSAIDs and acetaminophen) and prescription pain medications have many side-effects when used over the long term.
NSAIDs (including aspirin and Ibuprofen) kill pain by blocking the actions of Circulating Immune Complex (CIC). CIC is the immune system response which causes:
in the affected area. But NSAIDs do not just affect the CIC in the pain area. It affects all the CICs in the body, including those in:
In the long term, NSAIDs may lead to:
toxicity in kidneys and liver (which may lead to damage in the organs),
internal bleeding, and
leaky gut syndrome.
Acetaminophen is not bad for stomach or the heart. But its overuse can lead to liver problems. Long-term use of acetaminophen has also been linked to:
acute liver failure,
high blood pressure,
increased risk of gut microbiome imbalance,
kidney problems, and
The human body may also develop a tolerance for acetaminophen. It means that over time, it becomes ineffective in providing pain relief.
Prescription opioids (such as morphine and codeine) are extracted naturally from the opium (or poppy) plant. The problem with opioids is that they not only relieve pain but also get you high. They are highly addictive. Overuse of opioids can be fatal.
Opioids block pain by:
Releasing ‘happy’ chemicals that:
calm you down, and
give you a sense of pleasure.
Slowing down automatic functions, such as:
Slowing down the signaling of pain to the brain to not let you ‘feel’ pain.
Side-effects of opioids include:
Prolonged use of opioids leads to:
developing a tolerance level for them requiring you to use more opioid to achieve the same effects,
addiction and misuse of pain medications for ‘abuse’ instead of ‘pain relief’, and
facing withdrawal symptoms if you try to stop taking them.
How To Use CBD Oil For Pain Relief?
Cannabidiol or CBD Oil affects the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of the body. ‘Endo’ stands for ‘endogenous’, which means something found naturally in the body. ‘Cannabinoid’ refers to ‘cell proteins (such as those found in cannabis plants) found naturally in the body. The three main parts of the ECS are:
Endocannabinoid receptors (that bond with endocannabinoids as well as phytocannabinoids (found in plants), and
Enzymes that break down cannabinoids (including endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids).
ECS helps in maintaining the homeostasis of the body. It means that it regulates your:
The two cannabinoid receptors found in the human body are:
CB1: It is found in the:
the central nervous system,
spinal cord nerves.
CB2: It is found in the:
the peripheral nervous system,
digestive system, and
These receptors are the ones responsible for regulating pain and inflammation levels in the body.
When the ECS does not work properly, it is attributed to Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency (CECD). CECD is said to be responsible for issues like:
irritable bowel syndrome (IBD), and
other types of pain that are unexplained and difficult to treat.
CBD oil is believed to affect the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the ECS and help in providing natural pain relief to the body. Scientific investigation is still going on to understand how exactly cannabinoids interact with the ECS.
Does CBD Work For You?
A Forbes article published in 2017 talks about a large survey on CBD usage. It found that most people used CBD to treat their:
80% of the cannabidiol product users said that they found them to be ‘very or extremely effective’. 42% of the CBD users revealed that they stopped they have stopped taking:
traditional pain relievers (like Tylenol), or
prescription drugs (like Vicodin)
and are now using cannabis products to manage their pain.
90% of the survey participants also said that they found hemp-derived CBD oils less effective than marijuana-derived ones for pain treatment. But since CBD hemp oils are legal under the 2018 Farm Bill, people have better access to them. The legality of marijuana-derived CBD oils is still murky in some states. Consumers need to refer to state laws before they order the latter.
Vaping CBD was the preferred method of consumption for those who were looking for a quick pain relief option.
CBD and THC are both cannabinoids. Found in cannabis plants, they activate the endogenous cannabinoid receptors in the body. CBD interacts more with the CB2 receptors. CB2 receptors are found throughout the body, especially in the:
smooth intestinal muscles,
the immune system, and
interstitial cells of the central nervous system (CNS).
When the body absorbs CBD, the latter inhibits CB2 receptors. This process slows down the transmission of pain signals to the brain via neurotransmitters. It helps in reducing the inflammation in the body.
CBD acts on the body in other ways too. But scientists are still trying to investigate the different ways in which cannabidiol provides pain relief.
Best CBD Oils For Pain Management
People use CBD oil for treating different types of pain. Some of the current scientific studies that suggest the CBD oil is good for treating types of pain are:
Arthritis: A recent study investigated the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol in canine osteoarthritis. It suggested that CBD may benefit dogs with arthritic pain. Further studies are needed to determine whether long-term CBD administration raises the elevation in liver enzymes or not.
Multiple Sclerosis: A 2018 study on mice models of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) found that CBD might be an excellent treatment for MS pain. The researchers used a CBD dosage of 20 mg per kg of bodyweight of the mice. It adds up to 96 mg of CBD for a human adult weighing 60 kg. CBD treatment:
promoted anti-inflammatory cytokines and transcription factors.
Choosing the right CBD oil brand for treating pain might be confusing. Choose one which is:
tested by a third-party and independent lab,
extracted from USA-grown hemp grown in right conditions, and
used the supercritical CO2 extraction process (the best process in the industry).
WTP Hemp offers you the best basic CBD oil and capsules for pain relief. The full-spectrum oil offered by the company is of high quality and has 97% bioavailability (highest in the industry). The CBD capsules of WTP Hemp has pure CBD (or CBD isolate). If you are wary of taking other cannabinoids, you may use them to manage your pain.
The best way to take CBD oil for quick pain relief is to take it sublingually.
Remember, you should never vape CBD oil meant for oral or sublingual use. CBD vape juices are different and do not contain ‘oils’. Look for CBD vape juices meant for the purpose.