Cannabidiol Oil or CBD Oil is a type of cannabis oil which is used for medical purposes in humans and in pets. It is usually derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabis plants are legally classified into two varieties:
Marijuana which has more than 0.3% THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), and
Hemp which has less than 0.3% THC.
THC and Cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the several hundred cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Both of them are beneficial to humans and pets in their own respective ways. But THC is psychoactive in nature and has mind-altering effects. Its consumption or inhalation can make one intoxicate. It is the reason why people abuse marijuana.
CBD does not cause any ‘high’. It is extracted from the leaves and flowers of the plant. CBD dosage for dogs.
Cannabis oil that comes from marijuana has tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which can give a ‘high’ to your dog. But the cannabis CBD oil is derived from industrial hemp. Cannabis CBD oil derived from the hemp plant does not have any psychoactive effects and are completely safe for your pets. Also known as hemp CBD oil, this kind of oil can calm your anxious pup and relieve its pain.
Pet owner reviews reveal that they give CBD hemp oil to their dogs to:
Calm them during the rides to the veterinarian. Some people also reported that giving their canine friends some oil helps them to remain calm during thunderstorms and fireworks (during 4th of July or New Year).
Epilepsy is the most common type of neuropathic diseases in dogs. A study found that CBD oil’s anticonvulsant properties helped in reducing the frequency and severity of seizures in epileptic dogs.
Hemp CBD oil has been found to be good for pain and inflammation in joints due to arthritis or old age. Dogs with constant joint pain may not want to move at all. It results in weight gain and worsens their health conditions. Besides arthritis, other reasons why dogs have joint pain can be:
overworking the join,
Joint pain can be quite painful for the pets and cause stiffness in their movements.
In arthritis, the cartilage wears down. It causes the bones to rub together and cause inflammation in the area. CBD oil has anti-inflammatory properties. It also soothes the pain and relieves the pet’s anxiety. Hence, it can do wonders for your pet in pain.
Many patient reviews highly recommend CBD oils for the pet to complement the pain medications prescribed by the veterinarian. They also mention that using pet CBD oil is a great way to fight the side-effects of pain medications. If your dog is suffering from:
you may consider using CBD oil for pets to provide them better relief.
Never use low-quality CBD products on pets! Evidence suggests that large doses of cannabidiol may show signs of marijuana intoxication. It happens due to the contamination of THC in poor-quality CBD oils.
How Does Cannabidiol Affect A Dog’s Body?
Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) or the World Canine Organization is the largest dog breed registry accepted all over the world. It recognizes 339 dog breeds that are classified into 10 groups based on their:
Each of these varieties is unique in itself. But you may be surprised to know that dog organs are quite similar to human organs. Internally, humans, dogs are cats are quite similar. They respond to compounds like THC, CBD, and hemp oil in a similar fashion too.
THC may increase the level of anxiety and paranoia in people or pets. CBD, on the other hand, always calms and heals its users.
Many pet owners are afraid that cannabis oil or other cannabis products may harm their dogs and cats. They think that the ‘high’ that comes from smoking pot or consuming weed is related to the overall effect of the cannabis plant.
This is not true.
Dogs (like cats and humans) have their own in-built and natural endocannabinoid system (ECS). Its receptors process cannabis-based products and the cannabinoid compounds. The ECS regulates a lot of bodily functions such as:
Internal body clock,
Reproductive systems and processes,
Sensations of pain and pleasure,
Appetite and Digestion, and
The ECS also includes:
the central nervous system,
the peripheral nervous system,
the immune system, and
of the dog’s body.
When a dog ingests CBD oil or CBD-based dog food, the ECS in its body is activated to process the cannabis compound.
CBD molecules have a very different chemical composition than THC molecules. They activate different receptors in the pet’s body than THC and are not psychoactive in nature.
The ECS has two different types of receptors:
CB1 receptors: They are found in the brain and the spinal cord of the pets. They store memories and suppress hunger. They are also used in expressing moods of the pet.
CB2 receptors: They are found in the immune system and the nervous system of the pets. They are more involved in processing CBD oils. They help the pet to relax and feel tranquil.
CB2 receptors are also responsible for:
improved functioning of the immune system, and
the decline in inflammation.
Good-quality hemp CBD oils for pets may have zero THC or only trace amounts of THC. Hence, they do not harm your dog or cat.
CBD Dosage For Dogs
Hemp CBD oil is useful in relieving pain and anxiety in dogs and cats. But how much CBD oil you should give your pet depends on their:
types of receptors they have, and
It is always recommended to start at the lowest end of the recommended dosage. Since inhalation and ingestion are the most common forms of administering CBD to a pet, it is advisable to wait for at least 30 to 60 minutes to see the effect of cannabidiol. If you notice no change, you may give some more CBD oil to your pet.
How Much CBD Oil Should You Give Your Dog?
Experts suggest that you may give 1-5 mg of pure CBD oil for every 10 pounds of weight of your pet. Though there are no known toxicity cases related to the use of CBD in pets, you should be extremely cautious while administering CBD to your dog for the first time.
You can start with 1 mg per 10 pounds of weight of your dog. Gradually, increase the dosage by 1 mg every week until you achieve the results you are seeking.
Do note that a full 1 ml dropper contains about 30 drops which weigh around 15 mg. So, 1 drop is about 1/2 mg of CBD.
You can put the drops directly into the mouth of your pet. Or put the CBD oil drops on the food or treat your dog likes and give it to him.
So, if you have a 10-pound pup, you can start with 2 drops of high-potency CBD hemp oil and move on 10 drops of the oil over a course of a few weeks.
To calm down your dog or relieve its anxiety, you should use CBD oil only once or twice a day. If your dog is in pain, you can give CBD oil after every 8 hours.
Some brands market extra high-potency hemp CBD oil for pets where a full 1 ml dropper contains as much as 60 mg CBD. In such cases, 1 drop can mean 2 mg CBD. Be very careful about the amount of CBD (in mg) in every drop of CBD oil you give to your dog or cat.
Food products (like honey or peanut butter) with CBD oil may have different quantities of CBD per teaspoon. You can put them in the food or treat your dog likes. Or feed them to your dog directly. CBD dog treats or CBD foods for pets are also readily available in the markets these days. Read the ingredients list carefully before you order and use a CBD food product for your pet.
Some brands also CBD capsules where 1 capsule might contain as much as 25 mg of CBD. Such products are ideal for larger dogs, such as:
Which Kind Of CBD Oil Is The Best For A Dog?
There is a number of CBD oils in the markets. CBD is extracted from the hemp flowers and leaves and mixed in the base oil. Cannabis CBD oil which uses coconut oil as a base might be good for topical application in dogs with dry or itchy skin. Applying CBD oils or creams topically in localized areas are believed to be good for the skin and fur of a dog.
For oral consumption or inhalation, CBD oil with hemp seed oil as the base is said to be the best one. The hemp seed oil contains essential fatty acids and vitamin E which is good for the pets’ health in several ways.
Even without the CBD, the hemp seed oil is considered a great dog food supplement. It has a good amount of digestible proteins. It is believed that hemp CBD oil benefits for canines include:
improved condition of skin and fur,
increase in energy,
maintenance of healthy weight, and
strengthened immune system.
Additives containing cannabidiol are also becoming quite popular in the new CBD-based pet food market. They are used to add to the flavor and nutrition value of various products.
Different CBD Pet Products You Should Know About
Reading the label is very important. CBD dog treats, tinctures, capsules and oil bottles may contain widely different amounts of CBD oil in every drop or every teaspoon.
CBD oil edibles such as CBD treats for pets, CBD dog biscuits, and CBD oil chews in your dogs’ favorite flavors are quite popular with pet owners. However, they contain much less CBD than a CBD capsule or a pure full-spectrum CBD oil bottle. Hence, determine how much CBD oil to give to the dog (as mentioned above) and serve the right amount of the CBD dog product.
The type of CBD oil product you choose for your pet also depends on what kind of benefits you want from it.
Short-term use of pain management may call for CBD oils or capsules. On the other hand, if you are looking for long-term health benefits, you may use CBD pet edibles to provide a better diet to your dog.
How To Determine The Right Dosage For A CBD Dog Product?
As mentioned above, CBD pet products can broadly be categorized into three types:
CBD capsules, and
The right dosage will depend on the type of product you are using. Other things you need to keep in mind are:
Recommended dosages differ from one brand to another. Holistapet recommends a different dosage than Honest Paws. It is advisable to follow the dosage recommended by the pet brand you choose as their formulations can differ greatly.
Dosages for small dogs vary widely from medium-sized dogs or larger dog breeds. Most companies recommend dosages according to dogs’ weight. But if you have doubts, call them and discuss your doubts or queries before you place the order for the CBD pet oil.
Dogs’ ailments differ. A dog suffering from anxiety will need a different dosage than a dog suffering from cancer pain. In such cases, it is advisable to take the veterinarian’s advice before using the CBD oil on your pet.
Always buy a CBD product from a well-known pet brand. Since CBD pet industry is quite new, you might want to read the pet reviews and talk to their experts before deciding on the one you would like to trust.
How To Know If Your Dog Is Suffering From A CBD Overdose?
Fortunately, CBD is non-toxic. There are no serious side-effects to the use of cannabidiol in pets. Risks of CBD overdose in dogs are also pretty slim.
In the worst case scenario, CBD oil overdose can cause your dog to be drowsy or docile. Till now, there is no scientific evidence to suggest that CBD oil upsets stomach or cause kidney problems in dogs like some other popular OTC (over-the-counter) painkillers.
It is to be noted that in the US, there are legal restrictions on cannabis research in animals. It means that few studies have been done to test the safety of cannabis in animals. No deaths have ever been reported in pets due to ingestion of cannabis. CBD is just one phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis plant which is believed to be completely safe for all animals.